Python | 使用VsCode+ConEmu部署Python开发测试环境及Conda指令

访问码:搞技术,最怕的就是别人比你强,而且还比你努力!!!

 

1、VsCode概述

使用Visual Studio Code起步并运行起来既快又简单。这是一个小的下载,所以你可以在几分钟内安装,并尝试VS码,VS Code是一个可在macOS,Linux和Windows操作系统上运行的免费代码编辑器VS Code是轻量级的,应该在大多数可用的硬件和平台版本上运行。您可以查看系统要求以检查您的计算机配置是否受支持。

Vscode下载地址:https://code.visualstudio.com/

2、ConEmu概述

ConEmu-Maximus5旨在成为方便,全面,快速和可靠的终端窗口,您可以托管任何 为WinAPI(cmd,powershell,far)或Unix PTY(cygwin,msys,wsl bash)开发的控制台应用程序。
作为Windows控制台窗口增强(本地终端仿真器),ConEmu将多个控制台和简单的GUI应用程序(例如PuTTY)作为一个 具有各种功能的可定制选项卡式GUI窗口提供。此外,由于深度集成,ConEmu是Far Manager (维基百科中的FAR)的最佳伴侣 ,我最喜欢的外壳替代品。ConEmu是一个积极的项目,对建议持开放态度。

ConEmuc下载地址:https://conemu.github.io/

 

解释:以上概述均为官方介绍,我们发现VsCode就是一个代码的编辑器,那么我们可以理解为Pycharm这一类型的代码编辑器,那么我们使用VsCode来进行写代码,当然它有很多的优点。那么ConEmuC呢就是我们的windows的cmd终端 但是我们为什么要使用ConEmuC 我们接下来会发现它要比windows默认的cmd要好很多。

 

3、安装好VsCode如下:

当我们第一次打开的时候,它会提示缺少Git 所以我们需要安装,那么这边我已经安装好了,所以这里不再演示。

 

ConEmuC如下:

注意安装完成后需要设置ConEmu的环境变量

我们看最上方可以去添加很多个cmd终端,无论是外形 字体 包括功能方面要比windows默认的cmd终端要好很多,那么我们现在在看一下windows的默认cmd终端如下:

确实现在两个比起来大家都懂得~ 我们就可以把ConEmuC理解为一个非常不错的模仿cmd终端的软件就可以了。

 

注意:在安装Anaconda的时候我们在最后添加环境变量如下:

 

安装完成后我们打开ConEmu终端-->输入conda

C:\Users\Yankerp>conda                                                              
usage: conda [-h] [-V] command ...                                                  
                                                                                    
conda is a tool for managing and deploying applications, environments and packages. 
                                                                                    
Options:                                                                            
                                                                                    
positional arguments:                                                               
  command                                                                           
    clean        Remove unused packages and caches.                                 
    config       Modify configuration values in .condarc. This is modeled           
                 after the git config command. Writes to the user .condarc          
                 file (C:\Users\Yankerp\.condarc) by default.                       
    create       Create a new conda environment from a list of specified            
                 packages.                                                          
    help         Displays a list of available conda commands and their help         
                 strings.                                                           
    info         Display information about current conda install.                   
    install      Installs a list of packages into a specified conda                 
                 environment.                                                       
    list         List linked packages in a conda environment.                       
    package      Low-level conda package utility. (EXPERIMENTAL)                    
    remove       Remove a list of packages from a specified conda environment.      
    uninstall    Alias for conda remove. See conda remove --help.                   
    search       Search for packages and display associated information. The        
                 input is a MatchSpec, a query language for conda packages.         
                 See examples below.                                                
    update       Updates conda packages to the latest compatible version. This      
                 command accepts a list of package names and updates them to        
                 the latest versions that are compatible with all other             
                 packages in the environment. Conda attempts to install the         
                 newest versions of the requested packages. To accomplish           
                 this, it may update some packages that are already installed,      
                 or install additional packages. To prevent existing packages       

我们会发现Conda是一个命令,那么这个命令是用来创建Python的模拟开发环境的。

 

1、列出当前所有的环境

C:\Users\Yankerp>conda env list
# conda environments:
#
base                  *  C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3

我们在这里只看大了base 那么说明我们目前没有环境,那么我们创建一个Python的虚拟环境如下:

C:\Users\Yankerp>conda create -n py3 python=3                                                 
Solving environment: done                                                                     
                                                                                              
                                                                                              
==> WARNING: A newer version of conda exists. <==                                             
  current version: 4.4.10                                                                     
  latest version: 4.5.4                                                                       
                                                                                              
Please update conda by running                                                                
                                                                                              
    $ conda update -n base conda                                                              
                                                                                              
                                                                                              
                                                                                              
## Package Plan ##                                                                            
                                                                                              
  environment location: C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3                                  
                                                                                              
  added / updated specs:                                                                      
    - python=3                                                                                
                                                                                              
                                                                                              
The following NEW packages will be INSTALLED:                                                 
                                                                                              
    certifi:        2018.4.16-py36_0   https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    pip:            10.0.1-py36_0      https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    python:         3.6.5-h0c2934d_0   https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    setuptools:     39.1.0-py36_0      https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    vc:             14-h0510ff6_3      https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    vs2015_runtime: 14.0.25123-3       https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    wheel:          0.31.1-py36_0      https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    wincertstore:   0.2-py36h7fe50ca_0 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main

解释:Conda  create(创建) -n py3(起个别名为:py3)  python=3(指定python版本为3.x)

2、创建完成如下:

Preparing transaction: done
Verifying transaction: done
Executing transaction: done
#
# To activate this environment, use:
# > activate py3
#
# To deactivate an active environment, use:
# > deactivate
#
# * for power-users using bash, you must source
#
C:\Users\Yankerp

使用创建好的环境

C:\Users\Yankerp>conda env list
# conda environments:
#
base                  *  C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3
py3                      C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3

创建完成后我们看到了刚刚创建的py3 那么我们如何去用它? 如下:

C:\Users\Yankerp>conda env list                                                                    
# conda environments:                                                                              
#                                                                                                  
base                  *  C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3                                               
py3                      C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3                                      
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   
C:\Users\Yankerp>activate py3                                                                      
                                                                                                   
(py3) C:\Users\Yankerp>pip freeze                                                                  
certifi==2018.4.16                                                                                 
wincertstore==0.2                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
(py3) C:\Users\Yankerp>python                                                                      
Python 3.6.5 |Anaconda, Inc.| (default, Mar 29 2018, 13:32:41) [MSC v.1900 64 bit (AMD64)] on win32
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.                             
>>>                                                                                                

3、我们可以看到此环境就是Python3.6.5,那么比如我们在创建一个Python环境是2.7的 如下:

C:\Users\Yankerp>conda create -n py2 python=2                                                      
Solving environment: done                                                                          
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   
==> WARNING: A newer version of conda exists. <==                                                  
  current version: 4.4.10                                                                          
  latest version: 4.5.4                                                                            
                                                                                                   
Please update conda by running                                                                     
                                                                                                   
    $ conda update -n base conda                                                                   
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   
## Package Plan ##                                                                                 
                                                                                                   
  environment location: C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py2                                       
                                                                                                   
  added / updated specs:                                                                           
    - python=2                                                                                     
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   
The following NEW packages will be INSTALLED:                                                      
                                                                                                   
    certifi:        2018.4.16-py27_0        https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    pip:            10.0.1-py27_0           https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    python:         2.7.15-he216670_0       https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    setuptools:     39.1.0-py27_0           https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    vc:             9-h7299396_1            https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    vs2008_runtime: 9.00.30729.1-hfaea7d5_1 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    wheel:          0.31.1-py27_0           https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    wincertstore:   0.2-py27hf04cefb_0      https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
                                                                                                   
Proceed ([y]/n)?                                                                                   
                                                                                                   
Preparing transaction: done                                                                        
Verifying transaction: done                                                                        
Executing transaction: done                                                                        

创建成果后查看当前的环境

C:\Users\Yankerp>conda env list
# conda environments:
#
base                  *  C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3
py2                      C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py2
py3                      C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3


C:\Users\Yankerp>activate py2

(py2) C:\Users\Yankerp>python
Python 2.7.15 |Anaconda, Inc.| (default, May  1 2018, 18:37:09) [MSC v.1500 64 bit (AMD64)] on win32
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>>

那么从上图来说,目前我们就有了两个终端了,那么我们想在Python3.6.5中的这个环境安装Django框架如下:

(py3) C:\Users\Yankerp>conda install django
Solving environment: done


==> WARNING: A newer version of conda exists. <==
  current version: 4.4.10
  latest version: 4.5.4

Please update conda by running

    $ conda update -n base conda



## Package Plan ##

  environment location: C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3

  added / updated specs:
    - django


The following NEW packages will be INSTALLED:

    django: 2.0.2-py36hd476221_0 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    pytz:   2018.4-py36_0        https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main

Proceed ([y]/n)?

Preparing transaction: done
Verifying transaction: done
Executing transaction: done

(py3) C:\Users\Yankerp>

查看当前环境下安装的程序

(py3) C:\Users\Yankerp>pip freeze
certifi==2018.4.16
Django==2.0.2
pytz==2018.4
wincertstore==0.2

(py3) C:\Users\Yankerp>

 

4、我们直接创建开发环境指定安装Django

C:\Users\Yankerp>conda create -n py3-Djo python=3 django=2                                      
Solving environment: done                                                                       
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
==> WARNING: A newer version of conda exists. <==                                               
  current version: 4.4.10                                                                       
  latest version: 4.5.4                                                                         
                                                                                                
Please update conda by running                                                                  
                                                                                                
    $ conda update -n base conda                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
## Package Plan ##                                                                              
                                                                                                
  environment location: C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3-Djo                                
                                                                                                
  added / updated specs:                                                                        
    - django=2                                                                                  
    - python=3                                                                                  
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
The following NEW packages will be INSTALLED:                                                   
                                                                                                
    certifi:        2018.4.16-py36_0     https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    django:         2.0.5-py36hd476221_0 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    pip:            10.0.1-py36_0        https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    python:         3.6.5-h0c2934d_0     https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    pytz:           2018.4-py36_0        https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    setuptools:     39.2.0-py36_0        https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    vc:             14-h0510ff6_3        https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    vs2015_runtime: 14.0.25123-3         https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    wheel:          0.31.1-py36_0        https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main
    wincertstore:   0.2-py36h7fe50ca_0   https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main

创建完成后查看当前的环境

C:\Users\Yankerp>conda env list                                                                    
# conda environments:                                                                              
#                                                                                                  
base                  *  C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3                                               
py2                      C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py2                                      
py3                      C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3                                      
py3-Djo                  C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3-Djo                                  
                                                                                                   
                                                                                                   
C:\Users\Yankerp>activate py3-Djo                                                                  
                                                                                                   
(py3-Djo) C:\Users\Yankerp>pip freeze                                                              
certifi==2018.4.16                                                                                 
Django==2.0.5                                                                                      
pytz==2018.4                                                                                       
wincertstore==0.2                                                                                  
                                                                                                   
(py3-Djo) C:\Users\Yankerp>python                                                                  
Python 3.6.5 |Anaconda, Inc.| (default, Mar 29 2018, 13:32:41) [MSC v.1900 64 bit (AMD64)] on win32
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.                             
>>> print ("hello world")                                                                          
hello world                                                                                        
>>>                                                                                                

 

5、删除环境(删除Py3-Djo环境)

 

C:\Users\Yankerp>conda env list                                                                  
# conda environments:                                                                            
#                                                                                                
base                  *  C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3                                             
py2                      C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py2                                    
py3                      C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3                                    
py3-Djo                  C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3-Djo                                
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
C:\Users\Yankerp>conda remove -n py3-Djo --all                                                   
                                                                                                 
Remove all packages in environment C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3-Djo:                     
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
## Package Plan ##                                                                               
                                                                                                 
  environment location: C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3-Djo                                 
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
The following packages will be REMOVED:                                                          
                                                                                                 
    certifi:        2018.4.16-py36_0     https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main 
    django:         2.0.5-py36hd476221_0 https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main 
    pip:            10.0.1-py36_0        https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main 
    python:         3.6.5-h0c2934d_0     https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main 
    pytz:           2018.4-py36_0        https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main 
    setuptools:     39.2.0-py36_0        https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main 
    vc:             14-h0510ff6_3        https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main 
    vs2015_runtime: 14.0.25123-3         https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main 
    wheel:          0.31.1-py36_0        https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main 
    wincertstore:   0.2-py36h7fe50ca_0   https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/pkgs/main 
                                                                                                 
Proceed ([y]/n)? y                                                                               
                                                                                                 
                                                                                                 
C:\Users\Yankerp>conda env list                                                                  
# conda environments:                                                                            
#                                                                                                
base                  *  C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3                                             
py2                      C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py2                                    
py3                      C:\Users\Yankerp\Miniconda3\envs\py3                                    

6、VsCode结合ConEmu写一句代码

我们选择使用VsCode编辑器打开,打开之后呢,在PY文件此目录下调用ConEmu(Cmd)模拟器,如果调用不成功那么请您设置环境bianl

F:\Python-写一句代码>python aaa.py 
加油干,python2018                
whis your name:yankerp        


 

那么到这里呢 环境都已经配置好了,那么本章就结束了,希望对您有所帮助,再见再见

 

 

 

 

延瓒@yankerp CSDN认证博客专家 通俗易懂
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